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Chemoembolization

What is Chemoembolization?
Chemoembolization is a combination of local delivery of chemotherapy and a procedure called embolization to treat cancer, most often of the liver.

In chemoembolization, anti-cancer drugs are injected directly into the blood vessel feeding a cancerous tumor. In addition, synthetic material called an embolic agent Is placed inside the blood vessels that supply blood to the tumor, in effect trapping the chemotherapy in the tumor.

Why should I do it?
Chemoembolization is most beneficial to patients whose disease is predominately limited to the liver, whether the tumor began in the liver or spread to the liver (metastasized) from another organ.
Cancers that may be treated by chemoembolization include:

  • Hepatoma or hepatocellular carcinoma (primary liver cancer)
  • Metastasis (spread) to the liver from:
  • Colon cancer
  • Breast cancer
  • Carcinoid tumors and other neuroendocrine tumors
  • Islet cell tumors of the pancreas
  • Ocular melanoma
  • Sarcomas
  • Other vascular primary tumors in the body

Any preparations needed?

  • Prior to your procedure, your blood may be tested to determine how well your kidneys are functioning and whether your blood clots normally.
  • You should report to your doctor all medications that you are taking, including herbal supplements, and if you have any allergies, especially to local anesthetic Medications, general anesthesia or to contrast materials containing iodine (sometimes referred to as "dye" or "x-ray dye"). Your
  • Your physician may advise you to stop taking aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or blood thinners for a specified period of time before Your procedure
  • Women should always inform their physician and x-ray technologist if there is any possibility that they are pregnant.
  • You will receive specific instructions on how to prepare, including any changes that need to be made to your regular medication schedule.
  • If you are going to be given a sedative during the procedure, you may be asked not to eat or drink anything for four to eight hours before your exam. If so, you May want to have a relative or friend accompany you and drive you home afterward.
  • Children may require general anesthesia for the procedure. The anesthesia department will provide instructions to the family