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Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Examination

Also known as: Spinal Fluid Analysis
Formal name: Cerebrospinal Fluid Analysis
Related tests: Glucose, Total Protein, Complete Blood Count, Lactate, Protein Electrophoresis, AFB Smear and Culture, Blood Culture, Herpes, Lyme Disease, Rubella, Syphilis, West Nile Virus, Toxoplasmosis, EBV Antibodies, Fungal Tests, Beta-2 Microglobulin, Gram Stain, Arbovirus Testing

Why should I do it?
To diagnose a disease or condition affecting the central nervous system such as bleeding within the brain or skull, cancer, autoimmune disorder or infection

When should I do it?
When your doctor suspects that your symptoms are due to a condition or disease involving your central nervous system

What Kind of Sample is Needed?
A sample of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is collected by a doctor from the lower back using a procedure called a lumbar puncture or spinal tap.

Test Preparation Needed?
You will be instructed to empty your bladder and bowels prior to sample collection. It will be necessary to lie still in a curled-up fetal position during the test and to lie quietly for a time period after the collection.